“What white do you use?”
The question of which white to use to highlight your Copic marker drawings seems to be a very personal choice. Some artists use gel pens, while others like the opaque white made by Copic. Still, others use whiteout or white Prismacolor pencils. So which one is best? Well, that depends on what you want your white to do. (Try saying that three times fast!)
Different Whites Do Different Things
The effect you want your white to achieve in your finished drawing plays a large role in determining which white is right for you. Do you want precision when applying your white? What about opacity? Do you use your white primarily for the catch lights in the eyes and the highlights in the hair? Or, like me, do you tend to use it everywhere?
The amount of highlighting you do and the precision with which you do it, as well as the relative translucency or opacity that you need, can all help you choose which white is best for you. Let’s examine some of the choices we have as Copic artists to find out which ones do what.
White Gel Pen
There are numerous brands of white gel pens on the market but they all have a few things in common. White gel pens have metal roller-type tips that are perfect for producing a smooth, consistent line. Because it’s a ball point, the line it produces is a “deadweight” line that is more or less the same thickness from side to side no matter which direction you tilt the pen.
In general, gel pens contain an ink that is at least slightly translucent. This translucency is due in part to the fluidity necessary to allow the ink to flow smoothly through the tip. Because it’s slightly translucent, the underlying colors show through the white ink highlights, giving a soft, diffused lighting effect. Its precision mark making and softness make it an excellent choice for Manga style drawings or for outlining letter forms.
When you want a slightly translucent white and a precise application in small areas, a white gel pen is the perfect choice.
Copic Opaque White
Copic opaque white is a very thick, water based paint that comes in small jars. It is best applied with a small paint brush and is easily thinned with water. When applied straight from the jar, it creates thick, opaque highlights with a slightly chalky dry brush look. When thinned with water, it creates smooth lines that are more or less transparent, depending on how much water has been added. Because it is applied with a brush, a wide variety of line weights are possible.
Once dry, it can be partially removed with a cotton swab dipped in water if you find you’ve made a mistake, although once removed, the area is difficult to work back into, and may be slightly rough to the touch.
When you need a super opaque white that can create a variety of marks from fine point catch lights to long flowing lines of varying weight, Copic Opaque White is a good white for the job. However, because of its thickness, it is a little more difficult to use than the next white on the list.
M. Graham Titanium White Gouache
M. Graham Titanium White Gouache is a medium bodied, light-fast opaque white. It contains no chalk or other additives, and is a clean, bright white that will not yellow with age. The pigment is very finely ground with balanced proportions of binder and water to create a paint that consistently produces smooth flowing line work and brilliant opaque points and dots. It is best applied with a brush and is perfect straight from the tube for creating multiple line widths and weights.
Because it is water-based, it is completely removable with a cotton swab dipped in water even after it’s dry. Its finely ground pigment removes cleanly with no residue, and once the water used to remove it has evaporated, the area can be reworked with more white or even colored back into with Copic markers.
It is much more fluid from the tube than Copic Opaque White, and when thinned with water, becomes much more or less translucent, which makes it perfect for creating soft corona effects around specular highlights.
Because of its versatility, UV permanence, and its ease of use, M. Graham Titanium White Gouache is the white I use in my work.
So, which white is best?
When it comes to using white in your Copic marker drawings, there is no right or wrong choice. Whatever white most easily creates the effect you are after is the best one for you.
So…. What white do you use? Let me know in the comments below! I’m curious to see if there’s one I haven’t tried yet.
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